It started with poor Kitty

We constantly sing the praises of Trove, the free Australian digitised information that leads us to stories of our ancestors. I don’t know about you, but I tag and I add stories to my 67 lists most of which are public. It’s really only research projects in transit that I keep private. Sometimes I even add a reason to my list addition as to why I’ve included that story. What I don’t always do, is write up what I find and include it on my blog or my tree or whatever. I tend to think “well, it will be there when I need it”. Today’s story started with a news article I tagged and listed some time ago, and then found extra information – we know family history is never quite finished.

SATURDAY, AUGUST 4. (1866, August 9). Dalby Herald and Western Queensland Advertiser (Qld. : 1866 – 1879), p. 2. http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article215449120

I confess I haven’t written as much about my Gavin ancestors as I might have other than Irish discoveries or the death of my great-grandmother Julia Kunkel nee Gavin. However, today’s story starts when Julia was still a little girl of about six. Her father had finished his early contract on the Condamine, and the family had moved to Dalby where Julia was born and baptised.

DG is confirmed as the brand for Denis Gavin via the brands index.

Why should I be surprised that the dramas started with a cow, given how passionate the Irish are about their land and assets, and the financial value thereof. However, unlike Famine times, it wasn’t the Irish who were responsible for the “theft of a cow”. Rather it started with the theft of poor Kitty, the family’s milking cow who was in calf. It seems that the men employed by Ross and Gordon, local butchers, decided to take possession of poor Kitty, the cow.

Somehow Julia’s mother, Ellen Gavin, heard on the gossip vine that Kitty had been taken to the slaughter yards where she saw the head and hide of her former pet and milking cow. She was so distressed that she couldn’t even remember the person who showed them to her. Kitty had been fed by Julia’s older sister who came on the Fortune with her parents in 1855. Kitty was a family pet, and was in calf, as well as being needed, no doubt for the family’s milk supply.

Given all this it seems strange that Julia’s mother, Ellen Gavin, couldn’t remember when she’d last seen the cow. After all, dairy cows are milked twice a day to the best of this urban person’s knowledge.However, it is touching that she was “crying and (in) passion, was unable to recognise the man who showed her the hide and head. It’s also interesting that Ellen has responsibility for buying and selling when her husband, Denis is away.

Denis Gavin was away when the case was brought to court but by the Tuesday 7 August 1866, he had returned to Dalby from Toowoomba and was questioned in court. Ross and Gordon were committed for trial at the District Court in September 1866 and remanded in custody until then, bail being denied.

All was not well in the Gavin household, though, and it seems Denis disagreed that his wife should have reported the theft of the cow to the police magistrate.

DALBY POLICE COURT. (1866, August 23). Dalby Herald and Western Queensland Advertiser (Qld. : 1866 – 1879), p. 2. Retrieved August 19, 2020, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article215452937

Only two weeks later it was her husband that Ellen reported to the Police magistrate saying she’d been assaulted by her husband “in consequence of having given information about the cattle stealers and she was afraid of her life being taken in consequence of his violence“. I had to smile, ironically, at Denis saying there was no point trying to find the sureties required as “he felt quite certain he should try to break the peace within an hour of his liberation”. Unsurprisingly, the Bench decided he needed some time to cool down. Was this a typical event for the family? I don’t know, not having found (as yet) other similar events? For all that the popular belief was that Irish people were much put upon, there’s no shortage of evidence in Ireland, that defaulting to violence was not uncommon. However, I was sad to think of my great great grandmother being assaulted by her husband, and that he would descend to that level. Somehow I’ve had the impression of him being a “hail fellow well met” sort of person.

What all this means is that there’s the potential for some primary records to be found in the archives when I can find my way there.

Advertising (1867, January 26). Dalby Herald and Western Queensland Advertiser (Qld. : 1866 – 1879), p. 3. Retrieved August 19, 2020, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article215450711

The finale to this story of poor Kitty is in two parts. When Ross and Gordon were brought before the court for trial, the evidence was dismissed but there’s no indication why. All I can think is that because they weren’t actively involved they may have been shown leniency. I know that Chief Justice Lutwyche’s record books are at Queensland State Archives, so perhaps I’ll be lucky.

THE UNEMPLOYED. (1866, September 12). The Toowoomba Chronicle and Queensland Advertiser (Qld. : 1861 – 1875), p. 2. Retrieved August 19, 2020, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article212787324

Meanwhile it might be said that Denis Gavin had the last laugh, as Ross and Gordon filed for insolvency and he applied for two amounts of L26/7/-/

NOTES AND NEWS. (1867, February 9). Dalby Herald and Western Queensland Advertiser (Qld. : 1866 – 1879), p. 2. Retrieved August 19, 2020, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article215452699

Denis wasn’t about to be caught a second time by theft of his property and stock.

Advertising (1867, January 26). Dalby Herald and Western Queensland Advertiser (Qld. : 1866 – 1879), p. 3. Retrieved August 19, 2020, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article215450711

So the abduction and theft of poor Kitty meant the loss of an asset, a pet, and a food source. It resulted in the insolvency of a Dalby business, contributed to a family domestic, and greater caution from the Gavin family. What a tale/tail!

The original story was reported in both the Dalby Herald and the Darling Downs Gazette, but the former was much clearer.

Tips for German research

CFH-Widget-Germans-P-Cass-6-8-20209-NFHMFollowing on my presentation today as part of National Family History Month and hosted by Caloundra Family History Research Inc, I’m listing some research options.

German Newspapers can be searched:

https://digipress.digitale-sammlungen.de/search/simple

With more difficulty through Google Books (not newspapers):

https://books.google.com.au/

My tips for searching can be reviewed in this blog post:

https://cassmobfamilyhistory.com/2012/10/23/searching-german-newspapersbooks/

https://cassmobfamilyhistory.com/2019/05/31/finding-the-fass-in-bavarian-papers/

My Dorfprozelten blog:

https://dorfprozeltenaus.wordpress.com/

The WWI service of the Dorfprozelten descendants

https://cassmobfamilyhistory.com/2011/11/11/remembrance-day-honouring-the-australian-born-diggers-with-german-ancestry/

Sketches by Conrad Martens: Google search

Text Queensland https://www.textqueensland.com.au/

AncesTree: the journal of the Burwood and District Family History GroupArticles by Jenny Paterson about the German immigration ships. https://bdfhg.weebly.com/ances-tree-articles-by-date.html

They weren’t all Lutherans – A case study of a small group of German Catholics who emigrated to Australia from Dorfprozelten, Bavaria. Cass, P. Published in the Proceedings of the 11th Australasian Congress on Genealogy & Heraldry, Darwin, 2006 (try your local family history society for this book).

Research Recommendations:

  1. Local histories – Australian area & in Germany
  2. Catholic church records – Australia & Germany. Try familysearch catalogue: https://www.familysearch.org/search/catalog
  3. Cross-reference sources to confirm details.
  4. Email contact with other family historians who come from the same area.
  5. Photos and newspapers on Trove https://trove.nla.gov.au/
  6. War service information, including photos: awm.gov.au and www.naa.gov.au
  7. Genealogical, family history, and local history societies for indexes/references
  8. Kopittke indexes (online ordering from QFHS) https://www.qfhs.org.au/shop/shop-catalogue/society-publications/shipping-migration/
  9. Hamburg passenger lists 1850 -1934 https://www.ancestry.com/search/collections/1068/
  10. Catholic Archives or parishes in your area of interest
  11. Online grave searches eg Drayton and Toowoomba cemetery http://www.tr.qld.gov.au/facilities-recreation/cemeteries/deceased-search/burials
  12. Online mapping services
  13. Church histories (books or web)
  14. University libraries for studies and theses on your area of interest

Books on Dorfprozelten

Dorfprozelten Am MainDorfprozelten Schüler, Schulmeister Schulhäuser 1600-1998. Veh, G, Benedict Press, 1998.

Dorfprozelten am Main, ein Dorf im Wandel, seiner 1000jähriger Geschichte. Arnold, W; Lang, Elsa; Veh, Georg; Weiss Josef; Zőller Eugen; Zőller Werner. Benedict Press, 1995.

Dorfprozelten am Main Teil II

Veh, G, Benedict Press, 2002.

Note: This book is held by the Genealogical Society of Queensland, along with a partial index.

Thank you to Caloundra for offering me the chance to speak on this topic, and to all those who joined in.